ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9299-2585
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
HOUSING SUBURBANIZATION: PRACTICES OF TRANSFORMATIONS ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE CITY OF IRPIN
The research substantiates the feasibility of applying a socio-geographical approach to the study of housing suburbanization, in particular, to assess the transformation of housing development on the example of the city of Irpin. The paper outlines the main conditions and factors of the growth of housing suburbanization of the city of Irpin. It was found that the city of Irpin has a positive population growth due to migration processes, the city is famous for its parks, squares and green areas, the embankment of the river Irpin. The city has a powerful industrial complex and a developed social sphere. All this and the proximity of the city of Irpin to the capital make it favorable for living.
The branch of housing construction in the city is characterized, the prevailing class and type of building are determined. It was found out that the city is carrying out intensive housing construction of various forms and formats, there are significant indicators of capital investment in housing construction. Accordingly, the city’s housing stock has a steady upward trend. It has been studied that Irpin ranks second after the Kyiv-Sviatoshynskyi district in terms of housing commissioning and is the leader in this indicator among the satellite cities of Kyiv.
It is established that quarantine restrictions have caused a number of changes and transformations of values in the housing sector. This was mainly reflected in the priority of their own living space for each family member, there was a need for separate places for distance learning or work, for leisure with all family members. It turned out that the key criterion for choosing housing was comfort for all family members.
It is determined that in the residential real estate market there are changes in favor of larger and more comfortable apartments in the satellite cities of Kyiv at significantly lower prices than in the capital. The adjacent space of the complex and the availability and accessibility of social infrastructure also became important. There are tendencies to the formation of a polycentric city, where next to the public center of the first level, three more public centers of lower level are convincingly distinguished in the city: “Western”, “Southern” and “North-Eastern”.
As a result of the interviews, residents identified a number of problems of urban development, including the time spent by residents to get to the place of work, road congestion due to increased urban development, including new housing in the city, insufficient development of social infrastructure due to the increase of new buildings and, accordingly, the increase in the number of inhabitants, high prices for utilities, the problem of inefficiency of transport connections with the city of Kiyv. Some problems also concerned the unsatisfactory sanitary condition of the city’s green areas, poor housing and communal services, poor organization of public transport, lack of parking spaces, chaotic construction, overcrowding of schools and kindergartens, and sometimes the presence of corruption.
The main prospects of the city development are substantiated, in particular changes of its planning structure from monocentric to polycentric, development of peripheral territories of the city, creation of new public spaces, necessity of development of zoning plans and detailed plans of the territory, etc.
Keywords: housing suburbanization, housing construction, community center.
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Received Editorial Board 07.05.2021
Accepted for publication 26.05.2021