ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3236-7184
Yutiy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Yutiy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, Ukraine
Ivan Franko Lviv National University, Lviv, Ukraine
SPATIAL RESOURCE OF THE TERRITORY OF THE CITY OF CHERNIVTSI: CHRONOLOGICAL AND CHORAL ANALYSIS
The purpose of the research is to analyze the spatial resource of the territory of the suburbanization zone of the city of Chernivtsi. In the article, the dynamics of changes in the population of the urban residents of Chernivtsi region was analyzed. The indicator of the voltage of the demographic impact field was calculated and was found that as a result of active urbanization zone was formed, for each settlement of which there is a large, medium or low demographic voltage. The power of influence depends primarily on the population in the city because the larger is the number of residents, the greater will be the zone of its influence, which is considered as a vector, directed from the center of the city. Outside the designated suburbanization zone the voltage of demographic influence does not disappear, although with the decreasing of the distance from the city of Chernivtsi to an interval of approximately 50-55 km it is heading to zero. The cartographic model of the field of the demographic voltage of the city of Chernivtsi has been developed, where the boundaries of the suburbanization zone are clearly distinguished.
Since the 90s the suburban zone of the city of Chernivtsi has been characterized by active changes, and today it is heterogeneous with uneven development. The main trends of modern changes in the suburban zone of the city of Chernivtsi, factors and relations with the regional center were also revealed. The boundaries of formation of the Chernivtsi Amalgamated territorial community (hromada) on the basis of a pronounced mutual influence “city-village”, “village-city” have been confirmed. The historical change of compactness of the city of Chernivtsi for the period 1861- 2020 years was traced, where the analysis of calculated indices of the territory of Chernivtsi indicates the maximum compactness of the territory of Chernivtsi in 1861. With the further development of the city, the area of the territory increased and the shape of it gradually loses compactness. The rationality of the use of urban space is a prerequisite for the sustainable development of the urban settlement because the time spent on moving the passenger and cargo flows is minimized, and the connections become closer and more intensive.
Keywords: urbanization, suburbanization zone, the compactness of the territory, demographic impact zone, Amalgamated territorial communities (hromadas), spatial resource, metric center, topological properties of the territory.
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Received Editorial Board 30.03.2021
Accepted for publication 26.05.2021