PROFESSIONAL-EDUCATIONAL LEVEL AS THE CRITERIA OF THE MIDDLE-CLASS PARTICIPATION IN THE CAPITAL REGION OF UKRAINE: SOCIAL-GEOGRAPHICAL INVESTIGATION
Oliinyk Y., Pereguda Y.
Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
The article reveals the identification problems of the middle class in Ukraine, on the example of the capital’s macro-district. It shows that scientific approaches applied in foreign scientific schools cannot be used in Ukrainian conditions because of a number of reasons. In particular, the low level of income in the country as a whole caused a decline in the acceptable level of income. That is, the sense of the term “middle class” in Ukrainian conditions has a completely different context. On the other hand, the Ukrainian national currency has a larger purchasing power, than us dollar has, for example. Therefore, one cannot directly compare the incomes of Ukrainian citizens and the incomes of residents of economically developed countries. In addition, due to the specific nature of the methodological base of Ukrainian state statistics, the state does not collect data on the middle class. Consequently, the identification of the middle class in Ukrainian conditions is an important practical and scientific problem. One of the approaches that make it possible to circumvent these contradictions is the subjective method, that is, the carrying out of sociological research. The authors of the article present the data of such an investigation, which was made within the frontiers of the Metropolitan macro-district. As a result, the authors found the vocational and educational level is one of the determining factors, which in the public perception should be attributed to the middle class. Because of the survey, it was established that property criteria, after all, are decisive in identifying the middle class. At the same time, the level of education and profession is important as the level of income. This allows us to conclude that public opinion in Ukraine identifies the middle class not only as a group of people with a certain level of income but also as a community with high levels of education and self-awareness. For the capital’s macro-district of Ukraine, its own characteristics of the middle class have few characteristics. Although the income level of the population in this macro-region is the highest, the criteria for identifying the middle class are also high. It is significant that the understanding of the middle class in Ukrainian society has its own specifics. For the Ukrainian class is not required the availability of their own housing or their own car. The level of well-being measured as a whole by the level of income that the household receives.
the middle class, middle-class criteria, the capital’s macro-district.
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