Вісник Київського національного університету імені Тараса Шевченка


Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv



1 Kuchinskaya I., Alekberova S., 2 Mamedova D.

Institute of Geography, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, Baku, Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan State Pedagogical University, Baku, Azerbaijan

Assessment of the eco-landscape potential of mountain regions requires a systematic study of all major landscape-forming components that determine the direction and trends of development. A systemic view of the landscape allows us to reveal its structure, as well as the correlation links of components in space and time, hence the possibility of searching for variants, principles and methods for coordinating the relationship for different types of terrain. The object of our research is modern geosystems of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus, characterized, like all mountain landscapes, by instability and special sensitivity to both natural and anthropogenic loads. Here we see a complex geosystem structure that depends on the altitude of the terrain, the exposure of slopes, the dismemberment of the relief, exogenous processes, the arrival and consumption of solar energy, and anthropogenic impacts. Landsat ETM-8 satellite imagery, 1: 100,000, 1: 200000 topographic maps, route research materials, literary sources and thematic maps of various content and scale, as well as a landscape map of Azerbaijan (2015) of scale 1: 250,000, compiled in the department “Landscape and Landscape Planning”. The main morphometric parameters of the relief, which have a significant influence on the development and formation of geocomplexes and the leading components (characteristics) of the ecollandscape environment are hypsometry, surface slope angles, slope exposition, vertical and horizontal relief decomposition, etc. Significance in the formation of the eco-landscape environment of the listed morphometric characteristics is unequal, and they affect the intensity of the eco-landscape situation to varying degrees. Based on the analysis of the obtained morphometric maps on the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus, one can distinguish three large transverse segments. The first segment covers the territory located between the rivers Mazimchay and Kishchay. The second segment covers the space that lies in the interfluve of the Kishchay-Damiraparanchay. The third section is located between the rivers Vandamchay and Girdimanchay. The results of the morphometric analysis were taken into account in the general assessment of the morphodynamic tension and the mapping of the landscape-morphometric tension of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus. Analysis of the map showed that the area surrounding the steep slopes within the height of 1800-3000 m, where the slopes are deprived of vegetation cover Intensive dismemberment of the modern relief. They occupy a large area in the interfluve between Kurmukhchay-Dashagylchay, and also Tikanlychay-Girdymanchay.

The large morphometric tension of these regions is ensured by intensive mudflow processes and landslide processes, which causes an increase in the area occupied by mudflow foci. The increase in the volume of materials ready for demolition creates favourable conditions for mudflow and increases the likelihood of the frequency of passage of mudflows.

This region is characterized by unstable, unproductive nival-subnival and rock-meadow landscape complexes. Relatively less tension is observed in the low-middle mountain zone, especially in the Zagatala State Reserve area, where relative preservation of the forest cover reduces the rate of development of exotic processes, which enhances the dismemberment of the relief. In connection with the decrease in the relative and absolute heights of the main watershed ridge in this sector of the forest belt, denudation processes are less developed – screes and placers are less developed.

The proposed system analysis of the relief of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus allows not only to assess its role in the formation and spatial differentiation of modern landscapes, but also demonstrates that from the point of view of the sustainable functioning of landscapes, the most favorable conditions for the development of regular relief-forming processes exist in the mid-mountain belt.

relief, morphometric tension, mountain geosystems, landscape potential.


DOI: http://doi.org/10.17721/1728-2721.2017.68.12


  1. Alizade Je.K., Tarihazer S.A. – Jekogeomorfologicheskaja opasnost’ i risk na Bol’shom Kavkaze (v predelah Azerbajdzhana). Moskva, MAKSPress, 2015, s.207. [Alizade E.K., Tarihazer S.A. – Ecogeomorphological danger and risk in the Greater Caucasus (within Azerbaijan). Moscow, 2015, p.207]
  2. Ataev Z. V., Bratkov V. V., Abdulzhalimov A. A. Ocenka roli rel’efa kak faktora formirovanija landshaftov Severo-Vostochnogo Kavkaza // Nauchno-metodicheskij jelektronnyj zhurnal «Koncept». – 2014. – T. 20. – S. 2086–2090. – URL : http://e-koncept.ru/2014/54681.htm [Ataev ZV, Bratkov VV, Abdulzhamov AA Evaluation of the role of the relief as a factor in the formation of landscapes of the North-East Caucasus // Scientific and methodical electronic journal “Concept”. – 2014. – P. 20. – P. 2086-2090.]
  3. Budagov B.A., Alizade Je.K., Tarihazer S.A. – Sovremennye tendencii razvitija stihijno-razrushitel’nyh processov i ocenka jekogeomorfo- logicheskoj naprjazhennosti (na primere juzhnogo sklona Bol’shogo Kavkaza). Azerbajdzhan, Sheki, 2005, s. 25-29 [Budagov BA, Alizade E.K., Tarihazer S.A. – Current trends in the development of spontaneously destructive processes and assessment of eco-geomorphological tension (on the example of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus). Azerbaijan, Sheki, 2005, p. 25-29].
  4. Gamidova Z.A. Otsenka morfodinamicheskoi napriazhennosti relefa seleopasnykh territorii (na primere iuzhnogo sklona Bolshogo Kavkaza). Avtoref. kand.dis. Baku, 2011, 21s.[ Gamidova Z.A. Estimation of the morphodynamic tension of the relief of mud-prone areas (on the example of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus). Author’s abstract. Cand. Baku, 2011, 21s.].
  5. Zagorul’ko V.A., Hamarin V.I., Tjabaev A.E. Morfometricheskij analiz rel’efa sredstvami GIS-tehnologiej (na primere Seminskogo perevala) // Geomorfologija, 2003, №4, s. 40-46 [Zagorulko VA, Khamarin VI, Tyabayev AE Morphometric analysis of relief using GIS-technology (on the example of the Seminsky pass) // Geomorphology, 2003, №4, p. 40-46]
  6. Isachenko A.G. Jekologicheskij potencial landshafta, rasselenie, hozjajstvennaja osvoennost’ territorii / // Geografija v shkole (N) 3 – 05/2001. [Isachenko A.G. Ecological potential of the landscape, settlement, economic development of the territory // Geography in school (N) 3 – 05/2001.].
  7. Ismajlova L.A. Morfometricheskij analiz rel’efa s cel’ju izuchenija landshaftnoj differenciacii (territorii mezhdu¬rech’e Dashagil’chaj-Girdy¬manchaj) // Vestnik KazNU, Almaty «Қazaқ universitetі». 2016, №1 (42), s. 25-32. [Ismailova L.A. Morphometric analysis of the relief with the purpose of studying the landscape differentiation (the territory between the Dashagilchay-Girdy-Mancay River) // Bulletin of KazNU, Almaty “Kazakh University”. 2016, No. 1 (42), p. 25-32.]
  8. Kuchinskaja I.Ja. Landshaftno-jekologicheskaja differenciacija gornyh geosistem. Baku, 2011, 195s. [Kuchinskaya I.Ya. Landscape-ecological differentiation of mountain geosystems. Baku, 2011, 195p.]
  9. Kuchinskaja I.Ja. Dinamika izmenenija landshaftno – jekologicheskoj obstanovki na Bol’shom Kavkaze (v predelah Azerbajdzhana). «Voprosy geografii i geojekologii», Almaty, №3, 2013, str.50-58. [Kuchinskaya I.Ya. Dynamics of changes in the landscape – ecological situation in the Greater Caucasus (within Azerbaijan). “Issues of Geography and Geoecology”, Almaty, №3, 2013, pp. 50-58.]
  10. Kuchinskaja I.Ja. Kolichestvennaja obuslovlennost’ landshaftnyh geokompleksov juzhnogo sklona Bol’shogo Kavkaza // Trudy Azerbajdzhanskogo geograficheskogo obshhestva.  2013. №2. S. 91-97. [Kuchinskaya I.Ya. Quantitative conditioning of landscape geocomplexes of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus // Proceedings of the Azerbaijan Geographic Society. 2013. № 2. Pp. 91-97.]
  11. Kuchinskaia I.Ia., Tarikhazer S.A. Landshaftno-geomorfologicheskaia obstanovka Bolshogo Kavkaza i stepen vliianiia na nee protsessov ekzomorfogeneza Geomorfologiia. Novye resheniia starykh problem. Media-Press, Moskva, 2014, c. 23-34. [Kuchinskaya I.Ya., Tarihazer S.A. Landscape-geomorphological situation of the Greater Caucasus and the degree of influence on it of the processes of exomorphogenesis Geomorphology. New solutions to old problems. Media-Press, Moscow, 2014, c. 23-34.]
  12. Mekhbaliev M.M. Morfometricheskoe issledovanie geometricheskikh osobennostei gornykh sklonov (na primere iuzhnogo sklona Bolshogo Kavkaza v predelakh respubliki Azerbaidzhan) // Geomorfologiia, Moskva, 2007, №3, s. 75-85. [Mehbaliev M.M. Morphometric study of the geometric features of mountain slopes (on the example of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus within the Republic of Azerbaijan) // Geomorphology, Moscow, 2007, N3, p. 75-85.]
  13. Mustafaev Zh.S., Sejtkaziev A.S., Uspanova B.B. Metodicheskie Osnovy Ocenki Jekologicheskogo Potenciala Landshafta // Nauchnye dostizhenija biologii, himii, fiziki : sb. st. po mater. VI mezhdunar. nauch.-prakt. konf. – Novosibirsk: SibAK, 2012.[ Mustafaev Zh.S., Seitkaziev A.S., Uspanova B.B. Methodological Basics of Assessing the Ecological Potential of the Landscape // Scientific achievements in biology, chemistry, physics : Sat. Art. By mater. VI Intern. Scientific-practical. Conf. – Novosibirsk: SibAK, 2012.]
  14. S.A. Tarihazer, S.O. Alekperova Sovremennaja aktivizacija selevyh javlenij i ih vozdejstvie na prirodno-hozjajstvennuju sistemu juzhnogo sklona Bol’shogo Kavkaza (v predelah Azerbajdzhana) (v soavtorstve s S.A. Tarihazer). Vestnik Pomorskogo Universiteta, Serija Estestvennye nauki. № 2, s. 24-40, 2015.[ S.A. Tarihazer, S.O. Alekperova Modern activation of mudflow phenomena and their impact on the natural and economic system of the southern slope of the Greater Caucasus (within Azerbaijan) (in co-authorship with SA Tarihazer). Bulletin of Pomor University, Series of Natural Sciences. № 2, p. 24-40, 2015.]
  15. Pike R.J. Geomorphometry – diversity in quantitative surface analysis // Progress in Physical Geography 2000. 24 (1). P.1-20. [Pike R.J. Geomorphometry – diversity in quantitative surface analysis // Progress in Physical Geography 2000. 24 (1). P.1-20.]

Download (.pdf)

Suggested citation:
Kuchinskaya I., Alekberova S., Mamedova D. (2017) System analysis of the relief of the Southern slope of the Greater Caucasus as an indicator of the ecological-landscape potential of the territory. VVisnyk Kyivskogo nacionalnogo universytetu imeni Tarasa Shevchenka GEOGRAFIYA [Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Geography], 3-4 (68-69), 61-68 (in Russian, abstr. in Ukrainian, English).